Balinese peasants’ resistance in two short stories tahun baru di sawah bapak and pura subak (an analysis of ecocriticism)

Yanuaresti Kusuma Wardhani (1) , Budi Susanto (2)
(1) Universitas Negeri Jember, Indonesia ,
(2) Politeknik Negeri Bali, Indonesia

Abstract

Tourism is the most beneficial sector in Bali, Indonesia. Either domestic or foreign tourists visit Bali to enjoy its beauty and unique culture. Tourism in Bali is based on society, nature, and culture. One of the interesting tourist attractions comes from Bali’s amazing nature. To accommodate nature-based tourism, many hotels, villas, and resorts are built. It requires a broad area, and sometimes land conversion from the agricultural sector into the tourism sector happened. The phenomenon of agricultural land conversion is reflected in two stories Tahun Baru di Sawah Bapak and Pura Subak. The analysis is about the main characters who are peasants. They do resistance and fight against land conversion. Both stories are analyzed using the theory of ecocriticism. The research method uses qualitative research. The result of the analysis is that conversion is not suitable with the Balinese value, Tri Hita Karana. The analysis ends up with similarities and differences between the two stories. Those conclude that land conversion which happened in holy areas may trigger problems. Nevertheless, it has been happening since a long time ago and still going on.

Full text article

Generated from XML file

References

Allen and Unwin. (2004). A Short History of Bali: Indonesia's Hindu Realm. https://books.google.co.id/books/about/A_Short_History_of_Bali.html?id=LwtwpwAACAAJ&redir_esc=y

Andayani. NKS. (2021). Eksistensi Subak Di Tengah Gempuran Alih Fungsi Lahan. https://stahnmpukuturan.ac.id/jurnal/index.php/pramana/article/view/1891

Buell, Lawrence. (2009). The Future of Environmental Criticism: Environmental Crisis and Literary Imagination.

https://books.google.co.id/books/about/The_Future_of_Environmental_Criticism.html?id=CZmX2YQDs9gC&redir_esc=y

Cork, Vern. (1996). Bali: So Many Faces. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED411529.pdf

Denzin, N.K. & Lincoln, Y.S. 2000. Handbook of Qualitative Research. California: Sage Publications Ltd.

Dipayana, A., & Sunarta, I. (2015). DAMPAK PARIWISATA TERHADAP ALIH FUNGSI LAHAN DI DESA TIBUBENENG KECAMATAN KUTA UTARA KABUPATEN BADUNG (STUDI SOSIAL-BUDAYA). JURNAL DESTINASI PARIWISATA, 3(2), 58 - 66. doi:10.24843/JDEPAR.2015.v03.i02.p10

Dipayana. Sunarta. (2015). Arahan Pemanfaatan Ruang Berbasis Jejak Ekologi di Kabupaten Badung, Bali http://repository.ipb.ac.id/handle/123456789/112373

Gersdof, Catrin. Mayer, Sylvia. (2006). Nature in Literature and Cultural Studies: Defining the Subject of Ecocriticism (An Introduction). New York: Rodopi.

Howe, Leo. (2005). The Changing World of Bali: Religion, Society and Tourism. London: Routledge.

Love, Glen A. (2003). Practical Ecocriticism: Literature, Biology, and the Environment. Virginia: University of Virginia Press.

Mornagui, Hela. (1996). The Ecocriticism Reader. https://www.academia.edu/44755188/_Cheryll_Glotfelty_Harold_Fromm_The_Ecocriticism_z_lib_org_Nayar, Pramod K. 2010. Contemporary Literary and Cultural Theory from Structuralism to Ecocriticism. Longman

Pendit, Nyoman S. (1984). Nyepi: Hari Kebangkitan dan Toleransi. Bali: Mertasari.

Pringle, Robert. (2004). A Short History of Bali: Indonesia’s Hindu Realm. New South Wales: Allen & Unwin

Putra, I Gede Gita Purnama Arsa. (2017). Ekokritik Ekokritik Sastrawan Bali Modern dalam Antologi Puisi Denpasar Lan Don Pasar. Buku Rona Bahasa Program Magister dan Doktor FIB UNUD

Putra, I Nyoman Darma, et al. (2018). The Features of Bali between Its Beauty and Destruction in 1960-2014 Poetry. Proceedings of the International Conference on Media and Communication Studies (ICOMACS 2018)

Santoso, Purwo and Saskarayasa, I Ketut Adi. (2002). Makna Proses Kebijakan: Menyingkap Kontroversi Pembangunan Bali Nirwana Resort. Makna Proses Kebijakan: Menyingkap Kontroversi Pembangunan Bali Nirwana Resort. Doi: https://doi.org/10.22146/jsp.11093

Sarjana, DN. (2022). https://tatkala.co/2022/12/18/pura-subak-cerpen-dn-sarjana/

SRI YUDARI, A. K. (2022). EKOKRITIK DALAM GAGURITAN KABRESIHAN KARYA IDA PEDANDA SIDEMEN GRIYA TAMAN SANUR: PERSPEKTIF SASTRA EKOLOGI. Dharmasmrti: Jurnal Ilmu Agama Dan Kebudayaan, 22(2), 96-105. https://doi.org/10.32795/ds.v22i2.3395

Sutjipta, Nyoman. (2017). Pura Subak Sebagai Pusat Budaya Agraris Untuk Ajeg Bali.

https://simdos.unud.ac.id/uploads/file_pengabdian_dir/2c1f08e4942bf5cc18499e3d21b7b93e.pdf

Wicaksana, G., & Putra, I. (2018). PEMANFAATAN PARIWISATA TERHADAP KEBERLANJUTAN LAHAN PERTANIAN DI BALI. SENADA (Seminar Nasional Manajemen, Desain Dan Aplikasi Bisnis Teknologi), 1, 485-486. Retrieved from https://eprosiding.idbbali.ac.id/index.php/senada/article/view/96

Yamashita, S. (1999). [Review of Bali: Cultural Tourism and Touristic Culture, by M. Picard]. Indonesia, 67, 177–182. https://doi.org/10.2307/3351382

Zapf, Hubert. (2010). ECOCRITICISM, CULTURAL ECOLOGY, AND LITERARY STUDIES.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.37536/ECOZONA.2010.1.1.332

Authors

Yanuaresti Kusuma Wardhani
[email protected] (Primary Contact)
Budi Susanto
Wardhani, Y. K. ., & Susanto, B. (2023). Balinese peasants’ resistance in two short stories tahun baru di sawah bapak and pura subak (an analysis of ecocriticism). Journal of Applied Studies in Language, 7(1), 46–55. https://doi.org/10.31940/jasl.v7i1.46-55

Article Details

Most read articles by the same author(s)

No Related Submission Found