Publication Ethics

Publication ethics and malpractice statement

Publication Ethics
The Editors of the Journal of Applied Study in Language (JASL) issue a set of publication ethics as guidelines for persons engaged in the publication of scientific research to comply with COPE practices establishes a high-quality standard of ethics for journal publication.
I. Authorship
Authors are expected to comply with the following ethical guidelines. Any infringement may lead to a retraction of the article or even ban the author from journal publication.
1. Author’s main obligation is to deliver accurate and complete details of the research performed. The research data should contain sufficient information on the related subject.
2. Authors should ensure the originality of their work and that no fraud nor fabrication is involved in their manuscript
3. Authors should guarantee that the article has not been published previously or is not being evaluated for publication elsewhere.
4. Authors should ensure that their works do not contain any unlawful statements and any comment that may violate the law.
5. Authors are aware and abide by the misconduct policy described in section 6.

II. Editorship

1. Editors should provide a fair judgment and consideration to all manuscripts based on their quality with no regard to race, religion, nationality, sex, seniority, or institutional affiliation of the author(s).
2. Editors are responsible to consider all the submitted manuscripts in a reasonable time frame.
3. Editors, with their expertise and fair judgment are responsible to accept or reject the manuscripts. They are to build good communication with authors in regards to the manuscript's publication. The final decision will be accompanied by the reviewer’s comment
4. Editors are to make sure no private information of authors are included in the manuscript sent to reviewers
5. Editors should ensure the confidentiality of the submitted manuscript and not disclose any information about the manuscript under consideration to other parties
6. Editors are to respect the author’s request to not use certain reviewers – with a well-reasoned objection - to consider their manuscript. However, editors can decide to use one or more of these reviewers if their professional input is considered to be important for the manuscript publication
7. Editors are to comply with COPE practices when considering a manuscript for publication

III. Reviewer Process
All papers will be critically read by at least two anonymous reviewers, selected for their competencies in the subject area of the paper. Acceptance of the paper will depend upon its scientific merit and suitability for the Makara Journal of Science. A paper may be accepted in its original form, subject to revision, or rejection.
The reviewers' (and editor's) suggestions will be conveyed to the author, who will then have an opportunity to revise the paper. A manuscript returned to an author for revision can be held for a maximum of eight weeks.
The accepted paper will be edited by native English speakers. The cost of the language editing service is currently free.
All submitted papers will be checked for their originalities by means of iThenticate.
Reviewers are to comply with the following ethical guidelines:
1. The main obligation of a reviewer (referee) is to objectively judge the complete manuscript both scientifically and literally in high standards
2. Referees should treat the submitted manuscript as confidential documents
3. Referee’s identity should be remained anonymous – unless if the editors decided otherwise
4. Referees should complete the evaluation of a manuscript in a reasonable time frame and directly inform the editors should the work cannot be completed within schedule
5. Reviewers should explain and provide adequate professional judgment for their evaluation of a manuscript.
6. Reviewers are to promptly notify the editors should they find the manuscript is expected to be misapplied by others to pose a threat to public health and safety.

IV. Conflict of Interest Policy
Authors, Editors, and Reviewers are expected to adhere to the following guidelines in compliance with COPE practices.
1. Authors should clearly inform their source of financial support -institution, private, and/or corporate- for their research
2. Should the author and editor of JASL have a relationship that may lead to an unfair evaluation another editor will be appointed instead.
3. Reviewers should be aware of any appearance of a conflict of interest when receiving a manuscript for evaluation and are required to promptly return the manuscript to an editor, informing the conflict of interest issue.
V. Data and Responsibility
Data availability and reporting guidelines are available in section 'Author Guidelines'

VI. Research Misconduct Policy
The purpose of this policy is to prevent any misconduct related to research conducted for the journals and to suggest the fundamental principles and structural procedures in relation to research integrity deliberation required to ensure research ethics.
A. The range of misconduct policy
Research misconduct suggested in this policy pertains to fraud and refers to data fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, and improper authorship.
1. "Fabrication" refers to any activity involving the creation of false information about non-existing data or findings.
2. "Falsification" refers to artificial manipulation of the research materials/equipment/process or random modification/deletion of data resulting in distorted research contents or research results.
3. "Plagiarism" refers to acts of pirating others’ ideas, research contents, and research results without justifiable approvals or quotations.
4. "Improper authorship" refers to cases where the person who has contributed to research contents or research results is scientifically and technically unqualified as an author or where someone who has not contributed to the research contents or research results scientifically and technically but has been listed as an author merely to express gratitude or courtesy.
5. Intentional acts to disturb a fraud investigation about themselves or others or the acts which can be harmful to informants.
6. Unfair evaluation regarding research of others or disclosure or pirating of research ideas or research results acquired during the evaluation process.
7. Severely aberrant acts that cannot be accepted in the community of the field of science and technology.
B. How does the journal address misconduct
Editors and publishers have an ethical obligation to:
1. Support the quality and ethics of the review process (pre-publication: weed out; prevent)
2. Ensure the correctness of the published literature (post-publication: correct; communicate)
3. Educate (prevent)
Editors/journals have an ethical obligation to respond to and address ethical allegations that may arise about published papers or papers in review. Systems and procedures are in place for investigating and addressing situations of misconduct, including cooperation with investigations from institutions or funding bodies.
C. Possible sanction
Should the evidence of misconduct be confirmed the following procedures are to be applied:
1. Prior to publication (during review): The manuscript can be withdrawn from review
2. Post-publication (literature correction) The journal may publish Retraction, Note of Editorial Concern, Errata/Correction with the author or authors’ (some or all) signature or editorial of an appropriate statement about the situation. The paper can be “marked” in the literature/PubMed.
3. Editors determine whether retract or correct after considering whether the case is fraud or an honest mistake. They consider the intent and then the extent to which the data is incorrect/misleading
4. Author may be banned from submitting to the journal.
5. Editors may, in some cases, provide information for other editors/publishers.
6. Editors may publish an editorial in the journal to discuss the issue generally and raise awareness of the issue.

VII. Ethical Oversight
All submitted articles and exchanging information involving authors and editors in JASL will be considered confidential. Communications related to the publication process should not be disclosed on any website without prior consent from the editors.
The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.
Regarding research involving experiments on animals, the authors should ensure that the object is fully assessed in terms of any harm to the animals. This involves a detailed examination of the particular procedures and experiments, and the numbers and types of animals used. The animals subjected to the experiment are to adhere to institutional and national guidelines. The manuscripts are required to declare that all efforts were performed to reduce animal suffering.

VIII. Intellectual Properties
• Disclaimer
The viewpoint of articles published in JASL are solely the authors’ and does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the editorial board of the publisher
• Copyright
The author is responsible for acquiring the permission(s) to reproduce any copyrighted figures, tables, data, or text that are being used in the submitted paper. Authors should note that text quotations of more than 250 words from a published or copyrighted work will require a grant of permission from the original publisher to reprint. The written permission letter(s) must be submitted together with the manuscript.
• Publishing
This journal uses Open Journal Systems, which is an open-source journal management and publishing software developed, supported, and freely distributed by the Public Knowledge Project under the GNU General Public License.

IX. Journal Management

• Flowchart

• Online: This Journal is available online and can be accessed for free
• Charges: Publication in this journal is free of charge and all published papers are available online through open access.

X. Post Publication - Discussion and Correction

Complaints and Appeal
Editor-in-Chief's email at [email protected] is available for contact should the authors have an objection or disagreement pertaining to the publication process in JASL. Every complaint will be acknowledged and handled to resolve the issue accordingly.