Journal of Applied Studies in Language <p><strong>JASL</strong> - Journal of Applied Studies in Language, published by Politeknik Negeri Bali. The journal is released twice a year in June and December. JASL has got Grade III Accredited Scientific Journal based on the Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Number 23/E/KPT/2019, 21 August 2019. The accreditation is valid for 5 (five) years, starting from Volume 4, Number 2, 2020 to Volume 8, Number 2, 2024. </p> <p><strong><a href="">SINTA 2</a>:</strong> JASL has upgraded into Grade 2 Accreditation of Science and Technology Index (<a href=""><strong>SINTA 2</strong></a>) based on the Decree of the Indonesian Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Number 225/E/KPT/2022, 7 December 2022. The accreditation decree is valid for 5 (five) years, starting from Volume 6, Number 1, 2022, to Volume 10, Number 2, 2026.</p> <p>Journal of Applied Studies in Language is available in the double link the <a href=""><strong>first link</strong></a> (for Vol 1/1 Dec 2017 to Vol 5/1 Jun 2021) and Vol 5/2 Dec 2021 onwards in a <strong><a href="">new link</a></strong></p> Politeknik Negeri Bali en-US Journal of Applied Studies in Language 2598-4101 Analysis of English lecturer assessment using academic information system (SIAKAD) institution <p>This research describes the English lecturer’s assessment by students in odd semesters in the 2022/2023 academic year using Academic Information System. This research is descriptive qualitative research. This research uses data from questionnaire results from SIAKAD or <em>Sistem Informasi Akademik</em> Institut Teknologi Bisnis AAS Indonesia at The finding shows that ITB AAS implements monitoring of lecturers in carrying out their teaching duties by allowing students to fill out questionnaires “Lecturer Assessment by Students” by filling in SIAKAD, especially in the odd semester of 2022. Students must fill in a value, which ranges from 0-4, each questionnaire consisting of 43 questions. The questions used for obtaining lecturer assessments by students in the form of a checklist regarding lecturer performance in daily lecture activities in odd semesters 2022/2023 include aspects of lectures including planning, implementation, evaluation, and lecturer’s personality. There are 32 students from S1 Accounting study program fulfill the questionnaire. From the questionnaire, it is obtained an average rating of 3.83 on a scale of 0-4 or with “Very Good” criteria. It also shows that most dominant students choose the score (4) which shows the students perceive positively about English lecturers in the teaching and learning process. The further research needs to be implemented to know more classes and students about their ‘perception’ toward the English Language Teaching (ELT) process during one semester.</p> Tira Nur Fitria Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Applied Studies in Language 2023-06-27 2023-06-27 7 1 86 98 10.31940/jasl.v7i1.86-98 Clusters and series consonants of the Kaur language (phonological analysis) <p>The phonotactic system is one of the interesting phonological systems to explain because it is the system that regulates the existence, abilities, and inability of phoneme combinations of a language. To that end, this article describes the Kaur language phonotactic system which includes (1) the cluster phonotactic system and (2) the consonant series phonotactic system. The data in this study were sourced from six key informants who were domiciled in Kaur Regency (Bengkulu Province) with the criteria of being between 50-65 years old, native Kaur tribe, never left their native area, mastered Kaur language and culture well, and communicative. Data was collected through interviews and recording devices. Data were analyzed to determine the cluster and consonant series with the help of a speech analyzer. The results showed that in Kaur language (KL) there are 14 clusters (/pl/, /bl/, /gl/, /mp/, /mb/, /nt/, /nd/, /st/, /ɲc/, /ɲɟ/, /ɲcl/, /ŋk/, /ŋg/, /ŋgl/) and 21 series: /mp, mb, nt, nd, ns, ɲc, ɲɟ, ŋk, ŋg, ŋs, ʕb, ʕt, ʕd, ʕc, ʕk, ʕs, sk, st, ʔm, ʔ-ʕ, ʔ-mp/. In KL there is a unique consonant vowel sequence (homorgan consonant series). There are three rules if-then to explain the cluster of KL and five rules if-then to explain the series of KL consonants. KL has a unique phonotactic system so that this study contributes to the development of KL.</p> Wisman Hadi Mulyono Mulyono Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Applied Studies in Language 2023-06-28 2023-06-28 7 1 23 34 10.31940/jasl.v7i1.23-34 The attitudes characterizing humans and giants in two folktales from central Sulawesi <p>This paper aims at providing a critical alternative framework for reading folktales from Indonesia from linguistic viewpoints. The choice of linguistic items in tales is significant to investigate since folktales serve as a tool to teach values to children, and they share similar patterns. By utilizing the appraisal analysis, this research attempts to discuss the characterization of humans and giants in the English version of two folktales from Central Sulawesi, a province in Indonesia. The folktales are entitled Kolombio bo Ngana Pailu (The Giant and the Orphan) (Lasipi, 1999) and Topeande (The Man-eating Giant) (Kareba, 1999). By examining the use of affect, judgement, and appreciation, this research figures out that negative attitudes dominantly characterize both human and giant characters. Out of 89 linguistic items in the data, human characters are characterized by 43 negative attitudes, while giant characters are characterized by 20 negative attitudes. Interestingly, by the positive attitudes, the human characters are predominantly depicted as superior in their cognitive abilities and skills. It provides the depiction of the way the two folktales present the human and giant characters. Meanwhile, giants are more dominant than humans in terms of their physical power and strength. This research also suggests that linguistic analysis can support storytelling activities by providing in-depth, objective discussions on the tales.</p> Simon Arsa Manggala Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Applied Studies in Language 2023-06-28 2023-06-28 7 1 35 45 10.31940/jasl.v7i1.35-45 Self-report to investigate metacognition growth in writing <p>This study aims to describe the validity and reliability of the Metacognition Growth Questionnaire in writing. Using a quantitative approach, measurements were made of the metacognitive growth questionnaire, which was developed based on the metacognitive process theory, which consists of three, parts: the process of raising awareness, the process of monitoring/evaluating, and the process of controlling/regulating. A total of 30 students were randomly selected to be used as test subjects for the questionnaire instrument. The validity of the questionnaire items is known by using the bivariate product-moment correlation test. The reliability of the questionnaire is known by using Alpha Cronbach. The results showed that as many as 40 questionnaire items were declared valid, and overall, the questionnaire items were declared reliable. Thus, as many as 40 questionnaire items can be used to measure of students' metacognition growth in writing.</p> Dina Ramadhanti Diyan Permata Yanda Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Applied Studies in Language 2023-06-27 2023-06-27 7 1 75 85 10.31940/jasl.v7i1.75-85 Balinese peasants’ resistance in two short stories tahun baru di sawah bapak and pura subak (an analysis of ecocriticism) <p>Tourism is the most beneficial sector in Bali, Indonesia. Either domestic or foreign tourists visit Bali to enjoy its beauty and unique culture. Tourism in Bali is based on society, nature, and culture. One of the interesting tourist attractions comes from Bali’s amazing nature. To accommodate nature-based tourism, many hotels, villas, and resorts are built. It requires a broad area, and sometimes land conversion from the agricultural sector into the tourism sector happened. The phenomenon of agricultural land conversion is reflected in two stories&nbsp;<em><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Tahun Baru di Sawah Bapak</span></em><span data-preserver-spaces="true">&nbsp;and&nbsp;</span><em><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Pura Subak</span></em><span data-preserver-spaces="true">. The analysis is about the main characters who are peasants. They do resistance and fight against land conversion. Both stories are analyzed using the theory of ecocriticism. The research method uses qualitative research. The result of the analysis is that conversion is not suitable with the Balinese value, Tri Hita Karana. The analysis ends up with similarities and differences between the two stories. Those conclude that land conversion which happened in holy areas may trigger problems. Nevertheless, it has been happening since a long time ago and still going on.</span></p> Yanuaresti Kusuma Wardhani Budi Susanto Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Applied Studies in Language 2023-06-26 2023-06-26 7 1 46 55 10.31940/jasl.v7i1.46-55 Reading passages and conversation text in EFL textbook for junior high school: Analysis on the process of transitivity system <p>This research aims to identify the process types of the transitivity system from the reading passages and conversational texts of the EFL textbook entitled <em>Modul Pengayaan</em> for seventh-grade junior high school students, which is composed based on the implementation of Kurikulum 2013. The present study employed a descriptive qualitative research design. The data of this study are obtained from reading texts and conversational texts (text dialogues). The collected data of the transitivity process presented in sentences and clauses were analyzed using Halliday's transitivity system. The results show that all the process types of transitivity system with 35 processes were found in the reading passages and conversational texts of the textbook, namely: material process with 5 data (14.28%), mental process with 12 data (34.28%), verbal process with 3 data (8.57%), relational process with 13 data (37.14%), behavioral process with 1 data (2.85%), and existential process also with 1 data (2.85%). All the types of transitivity processes have been presented adequately based on Halliday's theory, although the two types of transitivity process (behavioral and existential process) almost have come from ignorance. Therefore, this study suggests that the textbook designer and material developer produce diverse clauses and sentences by using the six process types of transitivity in English written texts, especially in the reading passages and conversational texts.</p> Lulu Farhan Didin Nuruddin Hidayat Nida Husna Alek Alek Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Applied Studies in Language 2023-06-27 2023-06-27 7 1 1 7 10.31940/jasl.v7i1.1-7 Students' anxiety in learning English writing in higher education <p>Research studies on students' writing anxiety have been done in many EFL teaching contexts. However, there are still very limited scientific articles published about university students' foreign language writing anxiety and the causes in the Indonesian university context. Therefore, this study's main purpose was to analyze students' anxiety in EFL writing and its causes. This study employed a descriptive quantitative method. The study subjects were chosen from the first-year students of the Accounting Study Program of Muhammadiyah University of Palopo academic year 2021-2022, which consists of three classes. Two types of questionnaires were used for collecting the data. The first questionnaire was based on Second Language Writing Anxiety Inventory (SLWAI) developed by Cheng (2014). The questionnaire consisted of 21 items designed to assess students' English writing anxiety. The second questionnaire, the Second Language Writing Fear Inventory (CSLWFI), derived from Rezaei and Jafari's (2014), which was adopted to find out the causes of a feeling of anxiety in writing, consisted of ten questions. SPSS ver. 20 was used to analyze the gathered data. The findings revealed that the student's English writing anxiety was significant, and the key causes were poor understanding of writing concepts, linguistic obstacles, insufficient writing skill practice, and time restrictions.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Muhammad Iksan Sukmawati Tono Palangngan Sahril Nur Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Applied Studies in Language 2023-06-27 2023-06-27 7 1 8 14 10.31940/jasl.v7i1.8-14 Exploring the students’ perception on the use of teaching factory method in English learning <p>The Economic development of a country is determined by the main factor, the human resources competitiveness. In preparing competent human resources, the strategic program to be undertaken by the government is to align competencies of vocational higher education students with the needs of industrial competence. As a result, link and match between industry and higher-level vocational education could be achieved. The solution to prepare students to have competencies that are in accordance with industrial competence is by giving teaching factory (TEFA) method. It is a concept that aims to align manufacturing teaching to the needs of industrial practice. This study focuses on students’ perceptions on the use of teaching factory method in English learning, especially English for hotel and restaurant. This study adopts qualitative approach. Data were collected using questionnaires and interviews. The findings in this study reveal students' perceptions and responses on the use of teaching factory method. It shows that many of the students feel enthusiasm in attending English for hotel and restaurant using teaching factory method. It also shows that many of the students express that learning in English for hotel and restaurant encourage them to be actively participated in learning process. It can be concluded that most of the students have a positive impression about the use of teaching factory method in English learning, especially English for hotel and restaurant.</p> <p> </p> Nodistya Septian Indrastana Vigo Dewangga Renata Kenanga Rinda Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Applied Studies in Language 2023-06-28 2023-06-28 7 1 15 22 10.31940/jasl.v7i1.15-22 A praat-based stuttering analysis of the main character in the king’s speech movie: a neuropsycholinguistic study <p>Stuttering is a speech disorder characterized by involuntary repetitions or prolongations of words or syllables, or by involuntary interruptions in the flow of speech, known as blocks. Stuttering can happen due to genetics and environmental factors or psychogenic. This research aims to identify the types of stuttering that occur and to explain the factors that contribute to stuttering and the effect on the main character's speech fluency in the movie "The King's Speech." The data for this research comes from The King's Speech movie. The descriptive qualitative approach was used in this study in which the method and technique used in collecting the data were the observation method and the technique consists of observing, recording using Praat as a speech analyzer, and noting. The data were analyzed using the referential and distributional methods. Based on the result of the data analysis, the number of data for the type of stuttering is 286 data, each of them consisting of 158 data for repetition, 124 data for blocking, and 4 data for prolongation. In analyzing Bertie’s utterance, Bertie, as the main character, found a problem in producing consonants that cause stuttering, the consonants consist of /m/, /k/, /b/, /p/, /y/, /ch/, /th/, / c/, /g/, /w/ , /h/, /f/, /n/, /d/, and /s/ with repetition of sounds in words starting with phonemes /m/, /p/, /k/ and /b/ predominates when stuttering occurs. Meanwhile, the repetitions of vowel sounds that often occur are /a/, /i/, /o/, /e/ and the vowel sounds /a/ and /i/ dominate each repetition sound. Besides the problem in producing consonants and vowels in utterance, psychological factors are also the main factors in the occurrence of stuttering, such as feelings of depression, anger, and anxiety that trigger the main character to produce speech-blocking. Therefore, the type of stuttering experienced by the main character is psychogenic stuttering<em>.</em></p> Yonnie Kharismadewi Ike Revita Rina Marnita AS Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Applied Studies in Language 2023-06-27 2023-06-27 7 1 56 65 10.31940/jasl.v7i1.56-65 Exploring pedagogical potentials of technology: professional development for English teachers of vocational higher education <p>The education transformation from teacher centred to student centred learning has inspired most of educator to be more selective and creative to develop the way they handle their teaching learning process. It is supported with the condition that all education must be held online due to the pandemic situation. The teachers ability in utilizing technology for their teaching learning process needs to be developed. This study aims at investigating the teachers readiness in exploring the potential of technology in form of professional development. Modifying action research in mixed method are used as methodology in this research. Data were obtained through a focus group discussion and workshop which was followed by a semi structured interview. Findings for this study have enhanced the understanding of some aspects that teachers put into consideration while designing technology-integrated lessons; identifying goals, analysing learners, planning instructional activities, and choosing the technology tools. However, teachers must be triggered by cognitive prompts in order to support them in making decisions about learning objectives, activity stages, and technology tools to integrate.</p> <p> </p> <p> </p> Lusia Eni Puspandari Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Applied Studies in Language 2023-06-29 2023-06-29 7 1 107 116 10.31940/jasl.v7i1.107-116 Peer-feedbacks based application in teaching speaking and students’ perception towards peer-feedbacks <p>Most of the students in EFL classes have less exposure and chances to speak with friends and colleagues in English. In the present study, students were situated on video. The peer feedback-based application was employed for guiding students to provide comments on peers' speaking performance. In order to investigate peer feedback, an online observation was conducted in the English education study program, online class. The online questionnaire was also done to recognize the students’ perceptions of peer feedback. The study results reveal some steps done in doing the peer-feedback-based application in terms of the learners' speaking aspects including pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary, and fluency. Moreover, it was found that the students can give feedback comprehensively to their peers. The perception of students toward peer feedback is positive and significantly helps students to improve their speaking ability. In conclusion, students have to think about their feedback before sending it to their peers. Future research should find the effectiveness of teacher feedback-based application and the correlation with the type of feedback. </p> Risa Triassanti Christina Innocenti Tumiar Panggabean Mansur Mansur Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Applied Studies in Language 2023-06-29 2023-06-29 7 1 99 106 10.31940/jasl.v7i1.99-106 Improving the preservice teachers’ TPACK level through hybrid learning <p>This study aims to explore whether there is a significant improvement in preservice teachers’ Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) after implementing hybrid presentation and teaching simulation as one of the tasks in the Teaching Methods and Conventional Media course. This study also reports students’ responses to the implementation of the hybrid presentation and teaching simulation. In this quantitative study, preservice teachers’ knowledge was measured using a TPACK scale prior to and subsequent to the hybrid class implementation period. Twenty-one students studying in the fourth semester of an English education department in a private university in Indonesia participated in this study. A paired-samples t-test result suggested a significant improvement in students’ scores from the pre- to the post- TPACK self-assessment (t = -8.210, p &lt; .05). The findings of this study suggest that hybrid presentation can be an effective strategy to help foster preservice teachers’ TPACK skill while developing speaking and other skills.</p> Mega Wulandari Annisa Agra Inggitajna Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Applied Studies in Language 2023-06-28 2023-06-28 7 1 66 74 10.31940/jasl.v7i1.66-74