Student-student interaction in an online learning during the covid-19 pandemic

Amrullah Amrullah (1) , Zahratun Nanzah (2)
(1) FKIP UNRAM, Indonesia ,
(2) FKIP UNRAM, Indonesia


Despite numerous studies investigating various aspects of online learning amidst the Covid-19 pandemic, the empirical findings reporting on the student(s)-student(s) interaction in the micro-level of the language teaching-learning process is inadequately documented. Thus, this current study was in an attempt to address this void by exploring how the students interact in online learning and identifying the perception of the student about student-student interaction in online learning for effectiveness in the online learning English teaching process. Framed in a case study, 5 students of a public University in West Nusa Tenggara participating in the Teaching English for Young Learner (TEYL) course were purposefully recruited to participate in this study. The data were garnered from a series of semi-structured interviews and a 4-month virtual classroom observation and were analyzed using thematic analysis. The findings elucidate that students enjoyed their online learning interactions and they perceived that their language skills and knowledge increased significantly. The teacher was seen to have a pivotal role in facilitating students to have effective interactions by providing various activities, prepared materials, and support. Practically, this study proposes some suggestions for teachers and students on how to establish effective student-student interaction in a language online classroom.

Full text article

Generated from XML file


Artino, A. R. and Stephens, J. M. (2009). Academic Motivation and Self-Regulation: A comparative Analysis of undergraduate and Graduate Students Learning Online. Internet and Higher Education, 12.

Barker, Larry L. (1982). Communication in The Classroom. Englewood: Cliffs: Prentice-hall, Inc.

Bates, B. (2019). Learning Theories Simplified. London: SAGE

Bishop, Philip E. (2000). “Classroom Interaction” May 24, 2006.

Bower, M. (2019). Technology-mediated Learning Theory. British Journal Education Technology, 50, 1035-1048. doi:10.1111/bjet.12771

Daar, G.F. (2020). Students’ independent learning implementation during learning from the home period (a study at Unika Santu Paulus Ruteng, Flores). Journal Of Applied Studies In Language, 4(2), 313-320. doi:10.31940/jasl.v4i2.2164

Ellis, R. (2000). Task-based Research and Language Pedagogy. Language Teaching Research 4.3, 193-220

Gonzales, T., et al. (2020). Influence of COVID-19 confinement in students’ performance in higher education.

Hancock, D.R., & Algozzine, B. (2006). Doing Case Study Research: A Practical Guide for Beginning Researchers. New York: Teachers College Press.

Hodges, C., et al. (2020). The Difference between Emergency Remote Teaching and Online Learning. EDUCAUSE Review.

Keddie, A. (Eds.). Teaching making a difference (Vol. 2, pp. 74-88). Milton, QLD: Willey Publishing.

Khachfe, H. et al. (2020). An Epidemiological Study on COVID-19: A Rapidly Spreading Disease. Cureus 12(3) DOI: e7313. doi:10.7759/cureus.7313

Khotimah, K., Widiati, U., Ubaidillah., M.F. (2019). Autonomous English Learning: Teachers’ and Students’ Perception. Indonesia: Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics.

Liaw, S.S., Huang. H. M., and Chen, G.D. (2007). Surveying Instructor and Learners Attitudes Toward E-Learning. Computer and Education, 49,7.

Merkine et al. (2019). The Relationship between Student-Teacher Interaction and Academic

Achievement of Trainee Teachers in Dilla College of Teacher Education. Ethiopia: Global Journal Inc.

Miles, M.B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). An Expanded Sourcebook Qualitative Data Analysis

(2nd ed.). London: Sage Publication.

Ministry of Education (2020a). Using the Internet Platform to Continue Learning when Classes Stop (in Chines). Beijing: The Author.

Mitchell, Rosamond, and Myles, Florence. (2004). Second Language Learning Theories. New York: Oxford University Press Inc.

Moore, M. G. (2002). What does Research Say About Learners Using Computer-Mediated

Communication in distance learning. America: The American Journal of Distance Education.

Nagel, M. (2012). Student Learning. In R. Churchill, P. Ferguson, S. Godinho, N. Jhonson, &

Rashidi, Nasser., Rafieerad, Mahshid. (2010). Analyzing Patterns of Classroom Interaction in EFL Classroom in Iran. Iran: The Journal of Asia TEFL.

Schulten, K. (2020). Coronavirus resources: Teaching, Learning and Thinking Critically. New York: The New York Times.

Stake. R.S. (1995). The Art of Case Study Research. London: Sage Publications.

Sundari, Hanna. (2017). Classroom Interaction in Teaching English as Foreign Language at Lower Secondary Schools in Indonesia. Indonesia: Advances in Language and Literary Studies.

Vygotsky, L.S. (1978). Mind in Society: The development of higher psychological processes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Wang, C.H., et al. (2013). Students’ Characteristics, Self-regulated learning, Technology Self-efficacy, and Course Outcomes in Online Learning. Distance Education, 34(3), 302-323.

Woods, R. (2002). How Much Communication is Enough in Online Courses? Exploring the relationship between Frequency of Instructor Initiated Personal Email and Learners’ Perceptions of and Participation in Online Learning. International Journal of Instructional Media, 29(24), 377-394

Yin, Robert. K. (2018). Case Study Research and Application Design and Methods 6th Edition. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications, Inc.

Zhang, T., Gao, T., Ring, G., & Zhang, W. (2007). Using Online Discussion Forums to Assist a Traditional English Class. International Journal of E-Learning, 6(4), 623-64

Zulfikar, R., & Putri, A.S. (2020). Web-based system for creative writing. Journal Of Applied Studies In Language, 4(2), 144-150. doi:10.31940/jasl.v4i2.1899


Amrullah Amrullah
[email protected] (Primary Contact)
Zahratun Nanzah
Amrullah, A., & Nanzah, Z. . (2022). Student-student interaction in an online learning during the covid-19 pandemic. Journal of Applied Studies in Language, 6(1), 37–45.

Article Details

No Related Submission Found