Nonnative be like native speakers: The phonological processes of characters’ English pronunciation in Black Panther movie

https://doi.org/10.31940/jasl.v6i1.337

Authors

  • Ambalegin Ambalegin Universitas Putera Batam

Keywords:

assimilation, deletion, dissimilation, insertion, phonological process

Abstract

This study aimed at investigating the English phonological process of characters’ pronunciation while pronouncing the English words in the Black Panther movie. The characters of this movie used the dialect of isiXhosa which is spoken widely in Southern Africa when speaking English. The characters developed the English or they signed phonological disorder. This study was researched qualitatively by using Lass’ theory of phonological process. This study is concerned with assimilation, dissimilation, deletion, and insertion. The result of this study identified that regressive assimilation, progressive assimilation, reciprocal assimilation, aphaeresis, syncopation, apocopation, prothesis, and epenthesis existed. Paragoge and dissimilation were not developed. Aphaeresis showed the highest number of occurrences. Mostly the phonemes arose in /h/ /ɾ/ /j/ /k/ /d/ /t/ /n/, /ð/, /θ/, and /æ/, /ɜ:/, /ə/. /ɾ/ was produced with quick and strong vibration in a syllable, and it was solely deleted in the coda of a syllable, /h/ was deleted by other consonant, the mutual consonants /t/ and /j/ created /ʧ/ and /d/ and /j/ created /dʒ/, /ð/ and /θ/ converted to /d/ and /t/, and schwa converted to /ʌ/. Aphaeresis deletion constructed English contraction. Some phonological process phenomena did not corroborate the Lass’ theory. The phonological process occurred in non-native English speakers due to the influence of L1 pronunciation on L2 pronunciation.

References

Afrifa-Yamoah, D., Kyei, E., Adubofour, I., & Sarpong, F. (2021). Challenges students encounter in their study of pronunciation in Ghana: A case of Osei Kyeretwie Senior High School. East African Journal of Education and Social Sciences, 2(2), 120–126. https://doi.org/DOI: https://doi.org/10.46606/eajess2021v02i02.0082

Ambalegin, A. (2021). Phonological analysis of English consonants pronunciation. Journal of Applied Studies in Language, 5(1). https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.31940/jasl.v5i1.2341

Ambalegin, A., & Arianto, T. (2018). English vowels and consonants mispronunciation of the seventh president of republic of Indonesia in his official English speeches and its influencing factors. Language Literacy: Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Language Teaching, 2(2), 111–125. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.30743/ll.v2i2.678

Ambalegin, A., & Arianto, T. (2020). Segmental phonemic system of Riau Malay subdialect Kepulauan as local knowledge in Batam. EduLite: Journal of English Education, 5(1), 159–175. https://doi.org/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30659/e.5.1.159-175

Ambalegin, A., & Arianto, T. (2019). A phonology-based study: English pronunciation inconsistency. The 2nd Annual International Conference on Language and Literature (AICLL 2019), 106–124. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.18502/kss.v3i19.4834

Ambalegin, A., & Hulu, F. (2019). EFL learners’ phonological interference of English articulation. Jurnal Basis UPB, 6(2), 145–154. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.33884/basisupb.v6i2.1415.

Bailey, G. (2020). Insertion and deletion in Northern English (ng): Innovation in the life cycle of phonological processes. Journal of Linguistics, 57(3), 465–497. https://doi.org/DOI:10.1017/S0022226720000365

Creswell, J. W., & Poth, C. N. (2018). Qualitative inquiry & research design (4th ed.). Sage Publication Inc.

Crystal, D. (2003). English as a global language (Second Edi). Cambridge University Press.

Dawood, H. S. A., & Atawneh, A. (2015). Assimilation of consonants in English and assimilation of the definite article in Arabic. American Research Journal of English and Literature, 1(4), 9–15.

Diani, I., & Azwandi, A. (2021). Phonological change processes of English and Indonesian Language. JOALL (Journal of Applied Linguistics and Literature), 6(1), 133–148. https://doi.org/10.33369/joall.v6i1.13642

Fasold, R., & Connor-Linton, J. (2006). An introduction to language and linguistics. Cambridge University Press.

Finegan, E. (2015). Language; Its structure and use (7th ed.). Cengage Learning.

Fitriah, S. (2020). The phonology of East Java dialect. BATRA, 6(1), 47–53. https://ojs.badanbahasa.kemdikbud.go.id/jurnal/index.php/batra/article/view/2312

Gustina, L., Nadra, & Marnita, R. (2018). Phonological variation in Serawai Language that used by Minangkabaunese and Serawainese in Kota Manna, South Bengkulu. Jurnal Arbriter, 5(5). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.25077/ar.5.1.8-16.2018

Hajimohammad, M., Alinezhad, B., & Rafiei, A. (2020). Total assimilation in Persian phonology: A modified contrastive specification account. International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Translation (IJLLT), 3(9), 250–259. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.32996/ijllt.2020.3.9.26

Hall, N. (2011). Vowel Epenthesis. In Phonological process (1st ed., pp. 1576–1596). Wiley online library. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1002/9781444335262.wbctp0067

Hancock, M. (2003). English pronunciation in use: Self-study and classroom use. Cambridge University Press.

Hassan, E. M. I. (2014). Pronunciation Problems: A Case Study of English Language Students at Sudan University of Science and Technology. English Language and Literature Studies, 4(4), 31–44. https://doi.org/105539/ells.v4n4p31

Jaradat, M. M. (2019). Epenthesis in Jerash Fallaahi Dialect: An autosegmental analysis. International Journal of Liberal Arts and Social Science, 7(9), 43-59. https://ijlass.org/vol-7-no-9-october-2019/

Junawaroh, S. (2010). Inovasi fonetis dalam Bahasa Sunda di kabupaten Brebes. Seminar Nasional Pemertahanan Bahasa Nusantara , 101–109.

Kreidler, C. W. (1993). The pronunciation of English; A course book in Phonology (5th ed.). Blackwell Publishers.

Leung, C. B., & Brice, A. E. (2012). An Analysis of phonological processes involved in spoken English of Hong Kong Primary Pre-service teachers. Language Testing in Asia, 2(2), 1–14. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1186/2229-0443-2-2-42

Macharia, M. (2013). The phonological basis of misspellings in the written English of Kikuyu speakers. Journal of Language, Technology & Entrepreneurship in Africa, 4(2), 1–16. https://doi.org/https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1170-9440

Manuel, P. H. E. (2017). The impact of Bantu languages on English pronunciation. US-China Education Review, 7(7), 345–351. https://doi.org/DOI:10.17265/2161-6248/2017.07.003

Merriam, S. B., & Grenier, R. S. (2018). Qualitative Research in Practice (2nd ed.). y Jossey-Bass A Wiley Brand.

Obied, I. M. (2015). Phonologocal rules. https://doi.org/DOI:10.13140/RG.2.1.2516.7448

Pizzello, C. (2018). The language of “Black Panther”? It’s real. Give it a try. MPRNEWS. https://www.mprnews.org/story/2018/02/23/the-language-in-black-panther-is-real

Pranoto, M. S. (2018). Analisis frekuensi, durasi dan intensitas suara laki-laki dan perempuan Jawa menggunakan perangkat lunak PRAA. Lingua UNNES, 15(2), 190–199.

Suarka, I. N., & Bawa, A. A. G. (2018). Fonologi Bahasa Jawa Kuno. Yogyakarta: Dwi Cipta Mediatama.

Sudaryanto, S. (2015). Metode dan aneka teknik analisis bahasa. Yogyakarta: Duta Wacana University Press.

Taylor, S. J., Bogdan, R., & DeVault, M. L. (2016). Introduction to Qualitative Research Methods (4th ed.). John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

VanderStouwe, C. (2009). A phonetic and phonological report on the Xhosa Language. https://www.academia.edu/1080403/A_Phonetic_and_Phonological_Report_on_Xhosa

Wardani, N. A., & Suwartono, T. (2019). Javanese language interference in the pronunciation of English phonemes. CELTIC: A Journal of Culture, English Language Teaching, Literature & Linguistics, 6(2), 14–25. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.22219/celtic.v6i2.8589

Yule, G. (2014). The study of language (5th ed., Issue 1). Cambridge University Press.

Zulfadhli, M., Farokhah, L., & Abidin, Z. (2021). Analisis Gurindam Dua Belas karya Raja Ali Aji ditinjau dari aspek sintaksis. GERAM (GERAKAN AKTIF MENULIS), 9(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/DOI: https://doi.org/10.25299/geram.2021.vol9(1).6868

Published

2022-06-28 — Updated on 2022-06-30

Versions

How to Cite

Ambalegin, A. (2022). Nonnative be like native speakers: The phonological processes of characters’ English pronunciation in Black Panther movie. Journal of Applied Studies in Language, 6(1), 15–25. https://doi.org/10.31940/jasl.v6i1.337 (Original work published June 28, 2022)

Issue

Section

Articles