• H. Z. Arifin Universitas Gadjah Mada
  • I. S. Irawati Universitas Gadjah Mada
  • A. Awaludin Universitas Gadjah Mada


bamboo properties, full-culm bamboo, laminated bamboo, numerical modelling, structural bamboo


Nowadays, construction development brings back the concept of using environmentally friendly renewable
materials. Bamboo as a green material has some excellent characters such as a high strength-to-weight ratio
and a relatively short harvesting period. Understanding on its structural behaviour and capacity, commonly
obtained from a series of laboratory tests, is required in order to be able to widely use bamboo as a building
material. Time and testing equipment limitation make numerical modelling become an alternative to
overcome these problems. On the other side, anatomy of bamboo material is unique. There are properties
irregularities along and across the bamboo culm. Numerical modelling of bamboo material is certainly
different from numerical modelling of steel or concrete material due to the bamboo’s irregularities. This
paper reviews some published journals on numerical modelling of bamboo culm and laminated bamboo. It
highlights software used for modelling, numerical modelling method, material properties input, as well as
comparison of numerical and experimental results that have been previously carried out. It is found that
model which take into account the bamboo irregularities and orthotropic material gave numerical results
closed to the experimental.